Category Archives: Plan of Care
New revisions to Medicaid policy limit the number of home health aide services for Medicaid recipients, regardless of medical need.
North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Division of Medical Assistance (DMA) revised the Clinical Policy 3A. The revised policy took effect July 1, 2013.
Prior to this revised policy, home health aide services were limited to the amount, frequency, and duration of services as ordered by the physician and documented in the Plan of Care (POC). As in, if you needed services four times a week, if your physician ordered the services and the need for such services were documented on the POC, you could receive home health aide services four times a week.
What are home health aide services?
“Home Health (not aide) Services, generally, include medically necessary skilled nursing services, specialized therapies (physical therapy, speech-language pathology, and occupational therapy), home health aide services, and medical supplies provided to beneficiaries who live in primary private residences. Skilled nursing, specialized therapies, and medical supplies can also be provided if the beneficiary resides in an adult care home (such as a rest home or family care home).”
Home health aide services are a subpart of Home Health Services.
“Home health aide services are hands-on paraprofessional services provided by a Nurse Aide I or II (NA I or NA II) under the supervision of the RN. The services are provided in accordance with the established POC to support or assist the skilled service (skilled nursing and specialized therapies).
Home health aide services help maintain a beneficiary’s health and facilitate treatment of the beneficiary’s illness or injury. Typical tasks include:
a. Assisting with activities such as bathing, caring for hair and teeth, eating, exercising, transferring, and eliminating.
b. Assisting a beneficiary in taking self-administered medications that do not require the skills of a licensed nurse to be provided safely and effectively.
c. Assisting with home maintenance that is incidental to a beneficiary’s medical care needs, such as doing light cleaning, preparing meals, taking out trash, and shopping for groceries.
d. Performing simple delegated tasks such as taking a beneficiary’s temperature, pulse, respiration, and blood pressure; weighing the beneficiary; changing dressings that do not require the skills of a licensed nurse; and reporting changes in the beneficiary’s condition and needs to an appropriate health care professional.”
See DMA Clinical Policy 3A, p. 1-3 (emphasis added).
The revised Policy 3A has 5 additional pages (it went from 29 pages to 34 pages, in total), but many more restrictions, many of which are without regard to medical necessity.
Such as, “Home health aide services must be limited to 100 total visits per year per beneficiary.” Click here for the full text of the revised Policy 3A. Of course, always remember the exception for children: EPSDT.
Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic, and Treatment (EPSDT) is a federal Medicaid requirement that requires the state Medicaid agency to cover services, products, or procedures for Medicaid beneficiary under 21 years of age if the service is medically necessary health care to correct or ameliorate a defect, physical or mental illness, or a condition [health problem] identified through a screening examination (includes any evaluation by a physician or other licensed clinician).
For more information on EPSDT, see my blog: “EPSDT’s Impact on Medicaid Audits.”
Now, going back to our Medicaid recipient in medical need of 4 home health aide services/week (208 visits/year), he or she is now limited to 100/year (almost 2 visits/week) (This math is using 52 week/year, not 52.1775).
There are other services possible, depending on the medical necessity. But as for home health aide services, you only get 100.
Remember, this limit not only affects Medicaid recipients (obviously the limit impacts the recipients most greatly), but, also, providers will have less work for their home health aides. As one of my readers pointed out to me, the aides are only making around $8/hour.
DMA Clinical Policy 3A, revised July 1, 2013, has other restrictions. See below for some other restrictions.
Skilled Nursing Visits
Pre-filling insulin syringes/Medi-Planner visits (RC 581) must be limited to a maximum of one visit every two (2) weeks with one (1) additional PRN visit allowed each month. There is a limit of 75 skilled nursing visits (inclusive of, and in any combination with, RC 550, RC 551, RC 559, RC 580, RC 581, and RC 589) per beneficiary per state fiscal year.
Miscellaneous Code T1999
Use of the T1999 code for billing miscellaneous supplies is limited as follows:
- A maximum of $250 per beneficiary per state fiscal year may be billed without prior approval required.
- Any amount over $250 per beneficiary per state fiscal year, whether for a single item or a cumulative total, requires prior approval.
- A maximum of $1,500 per beneficiary per state fiscal year may be billed.
Are these new restrictions only because of a tight Medicaid budget? My question is when does medical necessity for Medicaid recipients become a factor in policy limits?